24-30 Months Developmental Milestones - MommaMia

24-25 Months

Follow these milestones to see how your baby aligns with these stages of development.

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Fine motor skills

• Is able to stack blocks (± 4 blocks)
• Scribbles lines and circles
• Attempts to open doors with knobs

Gross motor skills

• Can stand on the tips of the toes (i.e., weight is placed on the balls of the feet rather than literally on the tips of the toes)
• Kicks and runs
• Climbs without help
• Throws ball overhead
• Walks up and down stairs independently

Communication and language development

• Verbalises actions
• Can follow instructions that describe actions such as “sit down” or “lift your foot up”
• Likes to ask “why” questions
• Replaces baby talk with real words
• Says two to four-word sentences
• Repeats parts of an overheard conversation
• Names at least six body parts

Social and emotional interaction

• May be keen to share play area but not toys
• Still engages in parallel play
• Can say when nappy is soiled/wet
• Copies others’ behaviour
• Gets excited when with other children
• May display defiant behaviour; doing what he/she was told not to do

Cognitive development

• Enjoys sorting games
• Is able to follow simple instructions
• Engages in pretend play
• Knows names of familiar people
• Likes hiding and finding games
• Can sort shapes and colours

Self-help and imitation skills

• Potty training can start any time between 18-36 months
• Self-feeds independently
• Can differentiate between wet and soiled nappy
• Can put on socks and shoes

25-26 Months

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Fine motor skills

• Enjoys moulding clay
• Pencil grip has now progressed from a fist grip to a finger grip
• Is able to pour from one cup to the next – spills may still happen

Gross motor skills

• Shows a smooth heel-to-toe motion
• Is able to run without falling
• Coordination has improved for climbing, jumping, walking and moving up and down stairs
• Is able to throw, catch and kick a ball
• Is able to hit a stationary ball with a bat

Communication and language development

• Vocabulary has increased to at least 50 words
• Is able to combine a few words to make a sentence
• May start to use descriptive words like soft, hard, dirty and clean
• Understands that you need to wait your turn to speak
• Enjoys paging through magazines while pointing to familiar objects

Social and emotional interaction

• May still shy away from strangers, but warms up more readily to new people
• Enjoys looking at and interacting with themselves in the mirror, for example, pulling faces
• May start to become aware of how they dress; have a desire to look good
• May still struggle with the concept of sharing as they are self-centred (focused on own needs) at this age
• Rituals and routines are an important component of security

Cognitive development

• Enjoys positioning objects inside one another through trial and error – experimenting with which objects are able to fit into a specific container
• Is able to complete a two-piece puzzle

Self-help and imitation skills

• May start to show preferences and dislikes for certain foods

26-27 Months

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Fine motor skills

• Enjoys playing with keys and is interested in locking and unlocking activities – positioning keys in keyholes
• Enjoys building block constructions
• Is becoming more skilled in holding a pencil with fingers instead of a full fist grip

Gross motor skills

• Enjoys jumping on a trampoline
• Is able to play simple catching and throwing games
• Is starting to explore with the skill of anticipating a moving object and jumping over it, for example, jumping over a ball that is rolled towards them

Communication and language development

• Enjoys copying phrases that they hear on a regular basis; be careful what you say, they will copy (and most likely embarrass) you
• Is able to copy phrases and use them in the correct context
• May start to use the correct intonation for specific phrases, for example, the word really can be pronounced as a question or a statement depending on the intonation used

Social and emotional interaction

• Prefers a certain routine and may get upset when the routine is changed or disrupted
• May start to understand that they can experience negative emotions such as feeling angry. At this age, it is important to teach the toddler that emotions are OK but negative reactions are not. Feeling angry is OK but hitting a friend because you are angry, is not.

Cognitive development

• Is able to build a two to three-piece puzzle independently
• May start with pretend play
• Is able to name and identify approximately three colours
• May start solving problems using trial and error until they get it right

Self-help and imitation skills

• Is able to put on own pants
• Girls usually potty-train at this age
• Boys usually potty-train closer to three years of age
• Is able to self-feed with little spilling
• Is able to pick out own outfit
• May start to put on own socks and shoes independently

27-28 Months

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Fine motor skills

• Is getting skilled in bilateral activities (using both hands simultaneously when doing activities)
• Is able to roll out clay or playdough using a cake roller
• Enjoys threading activities like threading a piece of wool through holes in a polystyrene container

Gross motor skills

• Balances on one foot momentarily
• Is able to jump forward with feet together
• Enjoys riding on a balancing bike
• Needs about three hours of physical activity per day

Communication and language development

• Is able to construct sentences but words might be in the wrong spot
• Needs time to formulate sentences; therefore, allow ample time to answers questions

Social and emotional interaction

• May be prone to pushing, shoving and temper tantrums
• Needs structure and guidelines to direct them in social situations
• Incorporate rules (house rules/rules when out shopping) and explain why you have these boundaries, for example, to ensure safety

Cognitive development

• Understands the concepts of different sizes like biggest and smallest
• May start to experiment with numbers and copy you when you count 1, 2, 3

Self-help and imitation skills

• Is able to pull down and take off own pants
• Is able to hold a cup with one hand

28-29 Months

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Fine motor skills

• Shows an interest in arts and crafts
• Enjoys painting with watercolour paint
• Enjoys drawing
• Enjoys playing with playdough
• Is able to stack blocks and enjoys building structures with blocks such as Duplo

Gross motor skills

• Is able to climb stairs, one foot at a time
• Is able to stand on one leg, walk backwards and walk on the toes (i.e., weight is placed on the balls of the feet rather than the tips of the toes)
• Is able to throw a ball overhand
• Exploring and improving the following skills: jumping, running, hopping and skipping
• Climbs onto and jumps off obstacles

Communication and language development

• Enjoys repeating/copying what someone else says – echolalia (“parrot talk”)
• Is able to formulate longer sentences
• Is starting to express feelings
• Vocabulary consists of about 200-250 words

Social and emotional interaction

• Is starting to develop a sense of humour
• Is starting to take note of and implement rules
• May have an intense expression of emotion, which will become more regulated over time
• Is still learning how to differentiate between reality and fantasy
• Fantasy play may consist of giving living attributes to non-living objects, for example, the doll is thirsty
• Enjoys interacting with other children although mainly through parallel play (playing alongside other children, not playing with them)
• Is able to assert themselves and say NO

Cognitive development

• Is able to follow more complex instructions
• Is able to do simple chores like picking up toys or wiping the table
• Is able to recall previous events, for example, Granny bought me this toy

Self-help and imitation skills

• Is able to get dressed independently (excluding buttons, buckles and zips)
• Is able to drink independently from a cup
• Is able to eat with a spoon and a fork

29-30 Months

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Fine motor skills

• Is able to draw horizontal and vertical lines and may start to draw circles
• Is able to string large beads
• Is able to page through a magazine or book, one page at a time
• Is able to build an 8 to 10-block tower

Gross motor skills

• Is able to climb up and down stairs independently while holding onto rail
• Is able to stand and walk on the toes (i.e., weight is placed on the balls of the feet rather than on the toes)
• Is able to balance on one leg

Communication and language development

• Vocabulary of 200-300 words
• Uses 3 to 4-word sentences
• Tends to copy words and phrases that they hear
• May experience tantrums due to a lack in ability to express feelings, thoughts and needs

Social and emotional interaction

• Is very self-centred, but learning to share and take turns
• Is able to understand the concepts of right and wrong (what is allowed and what is not allowed)
• May engage in more interactive play with other children
• Is starting to develop a sense of humour
• Is able to practise basic manners like saying hello, goodbye, please and thank you
• Is able to express emotions and understand basic emotions of others
• Is eager to establish independence; therefore, clear boundaries are essential

Cognitive development

• Is able to recall the events of the day, although not in the correct order
• Builds 3 to 4-piece puzzles
• Is able to sort objects by colour
• Struggles to understand delay of gratification (the ability to wait and resist the temptation of an immediate reward in preference for a greater reward later)

Self-help and imitation skills

• May start potty-training (boys and girls)
• Is able to brush teeth and wash own hands while parent gives supervision
• Is able to get dressed independently
• Is able to self-feed

These Developmental Milestones, ranging from birth to 36 months, are a combination of my own experience and knowledge as well as guidelines from THE BABY CENTER.