4-6 Months Developmental Milestones - MommaMia

4-5 Months

Follow these milestones to see how your baby aligns with these stages of development.

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Fine motor skills

• Enjoys playing with hands and feet as well as placing feet in mouth
• Can follow and reach for an object that moves in front of face
• Is able to grab hold of objects and starts pulling at them
• Brings hands together in midline and puts objects in mouth
• Reaches for a toy in supported sitting
• Can shake and swing a toy that is held in hands

Gross motor skills

• Is able to lift and hold head up while lying on tummy
• Can anticipate direction when pulled up from a lying or sitting position
• Starts to sit with support
• Enjoys swinging arms back and forth as well as pumping legs
• Pushes up on elbows during tummy time
• Likes kicking and pumping legs

Communication and language development

• Makes sounds to imitate and initiate a conversation – explores sounds like “ma-ma”, “da-da”
• May imitate consonants like “m” and “b”
• Enjoys sounds like clicking of the tongue or whistling
• Enjoys listening to a favourite song or rhyme
• Enjoys pictures of familiar people

Social and Emotional Interaction

• Takes note of and explores surroundings
• Enjoys activities that include laughs and giggles

Cognitive Development

• Enjoys activities with a cause-and-effect component, like peek-a-boo or hiding and finding games: “Where is it? There it is!”
• Enjoys looking at pictures of animals while the parent makes the appropriate sound for each animal

Self-Help and Imitation Skills

• May imitate gestures like banging fists, clapping hands as well as voluntary opening and closing of hands

5-6 Months

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Fine motor skills

• Enjoys banging objects together
• Is able to rake objects closer
• Likes to shake and mouth objects
• Is able to grab hold of and hold onto larger toys
• May start to voluntary release objects
• May start moving objects from one hand to the other

Gross motor skills

• May start to move from a lying to a sitting position
• Sits unsupported momentarily, but still falls over easily
• Reaches out and grabs hold of objects when in supported sitting
• May start to roll independently from tummy onto back

Communication and Language Development

• Loves imitating a conversation – while talking, give the opportunity to respond with babbling sounds to facilitate the skill of conversation
• Sounds demonstrate attitude or response to objects
• Babble and repeat sounds like, “ba”, “ma”, “ga”

Social and Emotional Interaction

• Is able to recognise own name
• Might be able to show basic emotions like anger and happiness
• Is aware when parent leaves the room and might start crying
• May start giving hugs and kisses
• May choose a favourite toy that serves as a comforter

Cognitive Development

• Enjoys cause-and-effect activities like dropping objects and picking them up again
• Starts to discover other body parts like head and ears

Self-help and Imitation Skills

• May start showing an interest in eating solid foods
* 7 signs that your baby is ready for solids:
– Has proper head control
– Is starting to lose the tongue thrust reflex (the reflex that pushes food out of the mouth)
– Sits upright
– Makes chewing motions
– Has doubled in weight since birth
– Is at least 4 months old
– Seems hungry, even with 8-10 feeds
– Is curious about what you are eating

6-7 Months

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Fine motor skills

• Is able to scoop up an object with one hand
• Is able to transfer objects between hands
• Uses a full hand grasp to hold onto objects
• Reaches for an object and drags it toward self
• Enjoys turning pages of hard-paged books

Gross motor skills

• Is able to roll independently in both directions
• Enjoys bouncing on parent’s lap while standing
• Starts to sit with pillow support only
• Starts creeping – pushing or dragging self around on tummy
• Pushes up from tummy onto all fours

Communication and language development

• Likes to imitate a wet razzing sound
• Starts vocalising sounds like “ta-ta”, “da-da”, “ba-ba”
• Vocalises vowel and consonant combination sounds like “ah-goo”

Social and emotional interaction

• Starts to recognise that she can get your attention in good and not-so-good ways
• Separation anxiety might be a problem at this age
• May have a favourite stuffed toy or teddy
• Loves to laugh out loud

Cognitive development

• Loves to explore immediate environment
• Exploring with the senses is a key component at this age; touching, mouthing, manipulating objects, hearing, tasting and smelling are all ways to encourage this exploring phase
• Enjoys finding partially-hidden objects

Self-help and imitation skills

• Pulls off own hat and booties/socks
• May start feeding self finger foods
• May start to drink from a straw
• Takes an interest in bath and water activities
• May start holding own bottle

These Developmental Milestones, ranging from birth to 36 months, are a combination of my own experience and knowledge as well as guidelines from THE BABY CENTER.