10-12 Months Developmental Milestones - MommaMia

10-11 Months

Follow these milestones to see how your baby aligns with these stages of development.

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Fine motor skills

• Can pick up a small object using a pincer grip without wrist support
• Grasps spoon in fist
• Enjoys unpacking drawers
• Enjoys digging out an object in water or while taking a bath
• May start wheeling big toy cars

Gross motor skills

• Crawls well on hands and knees with trunk parallel to the floor
• Is able to sit confidently
• Walks while holding onto furniture and letting go momentarily to stand unsupported
• Can bend down from a standing position to scoop up a toy
• May start walking independently
• Likes to throw objects

Communication and language development

• Babbles in a way that resembles actual speech
• Will point at objects while naming them
• Teach the names of things pointed at and explain their function
• May say “ma-ma” and “da-da” discriminately
• Understands the word, “NO”
• Use pictures to show the difference between concepts like empty and full or in and out

Social and emotional interaction

• May seem defiant/disobedient, but the desire to explore outweighs the desire to obey – at this age, there is a natural curiosity to see how the world works
• May start engaging in parallel play; playing alongside other children but not playing with them
• Waves goodbye

Cognitive development

• Enjoys playing peek-a-boo
• May observe small objects that are far away like birds in flight or an aeroplane
• Enjoys playing outside and learning about immediate environment
• Enjoys choosing between objects, for example, choosing which outfit to wear
• Responds to own name when called

Self-help and imitation skills

• Is able to grip and hold a cup independently
• Feeds self an entire meal by using hands
• Tips bottle to drink
• May hold out arms and legs to assist in getting dressed

11-12 Months

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Fine motor skills

• Has a good thumb and forefinger grasp
• Likes to place objects in containers and dump them out
• Loves to unpack drawers and cupboards
• Enjoys stacking boxes or large sponge blocks

Gross motor skills

• Walks independently or by holding onto furniture
• Enjoys pushing, throwing and knocking objects over
• Climbs up stairs

Communication and language development

• Starts using recognisable words/sounds
• Listens and responds to sounds in the environment
• Enjoys engaging when reading a book; pointing at and naming familiar pictures and actions
• Emphasise the concepts and appropriate application of words/phrases like “please” and “thank you”
• May start shaking head for “NO” and nodding for “YES”
• According to BabyCenter, this might be a good time to take away the dummy, as it will help in proper speech development

Social and emotional interaction

• Experiences separation anxiety
• May indicate wants and needs in other ways than just crying
• Says “ta-ta” and waves goodbye
• Responds to name and comes when called
• May start to develop a sense of humour

Cognitive development

• May start understanding concepts like hot and cold, up and down, in and out, wet and dry, stand and sit
• Is able to follow simple, single-step instructions such as, “Pick up the bowl”
• May become conscious of different colours
• Enjoys choosing between two options

Self-help and imitation skills

• May start to experiment with drinking from a cup
• Enjoys assisting in cleaning up and starts to understand the concept of putting toys away
• Enjoys dancing to music

12-13 Months

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Fine motor skills

• Can use forefinger and thumb (pincer grip) to pick up small objects and hold it carefully
• Can drop a small object, like a button, through a hole into a tin
• Likes to delicately pick up bite-sized pieces of food or objects
• Loves to place objects in a container and dump the contents out again
• While you are writing, may grab hold of your pen and try to scribble
• Likes handing a toy back and forth
• Likes to pick up objects in both hands and bang them together
• May move objects from one hand to the other

Gross motor skills

• Can pull up against furniture and hold on for support while taking a few steps
• May stand unsupported and give a few steps
• Can squat and stand up again
• Gait has a wide base of support with feet turned outwards and toes curling in while walking
• Enjoys activities where objects can be pushed, thrown or knocked over
• May attempt going down steps
• May stand on toes to stretch and reach for an object
• Bends down to reach for an object, then stands up again while holding onto furniture
• May enjoy dancing to music; bends knees, waves arms, bobs head
• Stands independently, momentarily

Communication and language development

• Loves to interact using 1-3 understandable words while speaking in short sentences in baby language
• Is keen to indicate wants and needs by using gestures
• Loves looking at pictures in books while parent points out and names the objects
• Speech is developing rapidly, along with learning through observation
• Might not be using language like “please” and “thank you” yet; however, persistence in modelling these will eventually be rewarded, and the habit will become ingrained

Social and emotional interaction

• Feels safe and secure close to parents – experiences separation anxiety, even with familiar family members – be patient
• Normally likes to play where the parent can be seen – wandering off to play in another room should be allowed, as it establishes independence
• Keep a watchful eye but allow independent play and exploration

Cognitive development

• Can understand and respond to one-step instructions such as: “Give me the ball” or “Stick out your tongue”
• Attention span can vary from 1-3 minutes
• Can indicate “no” by shaking head
• Allow exploring with decision making by giving options to answer “yes” or “no”
• Realises that if an object is out of sight it doesn’t mean that it doesn’t exist anymore
• Might classify and name objects according to shape and not function – for example, pointing to an apple or onion and saying, “ball”

Self-help and imitation skills

• Can feed self bite-sized pieces of food
• Can hold a cup with both hands and lift the cup to drink; however, spilling still occurs
• Helps with getting dressed by placing hand and arm through shirt sleeve
• May lift up leg when getting dressed/putting on trousers
• Opens mouth to have teeth brushed
• May imitate affectionate behaviour; giving hugs and kisses to family members and a favourite toy or teddy

These Developmental Milestones, ranging from birth to 36 months, are a combination of my own experience and knowledge as well as guidelines from THE BABY CENTER.