7-8 Months

Follow these milestones to see how your baby aligns with these stages of development.

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Fine motor skills

• Shows a strong grip and the ability to pull at things, even against gravity, for example, pulling off fridge magnets
• May start to pick up objects with a pincer grip
• May start to drop an object through a hole into a tin
• May twist and turn wrists and ankles when frustrated

Gross motor skills

• Can twist and look backwards while in a sitting position
• Is mobile, using a variety of methods to get around including creeping, scooting, rolling and crawling
• Rocks back and forth on all fours as a precursor to crawling
• Is able to lift up on all fours, supported on hands and feet
• Keeps head level when pulled from a lying to a sitting position and from a sitting to a standing position

Communication and language development

• Makes sounds like “ma-ma”, “da-da”
• Starts experimenting with making own facial expressions
• Blows bubbles and makes a wet razzing sound
• Enjoys pictures with familiar actions like sleeping or a baby holding a teddy

Social and emotional interaction

• Starts to point and wave
• Love to give hugs and kisses
• May be able to explore with different emotions such as happy, sad, disgusted and angry
• May reach out arms to be picked up
• May start testing authority; very curious about the reaction that she will get
• Separation anxiety might be a problem at this age

Cognitive development

• Realises when an object is missing
• Loves repetitive games, songs and rhymes
• Enjoys playing with cause-and-effect toys

Self-help and imitation skills

• Feeds self finger food
• May start drinking from a sippy cup
• Will experiment with making different sounds as teeth emerge
• Imitates clapping hands

8-9 Months

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Fine motor skills

• Likes to explore with objects; shaking, banging, dropping, throwing and gumming them
• Starts pointing with index finger
• Uses pincer grip to pick up a small object, then holds it in hand using a fist grip
• Enjoys packing objects in and out

Gross motor skills

• Is motivated to move towards objects that are out of reach
• Is able to move from a lying position on the tummy, into a sitting position
• May scoot on bum using one hand and one foot
• May push up from a lying position, onto hands and knees
• Pulls self up from a sitting into a standing position while holding onto furniture
• May start crawling and moving up stairs
• Moves along in a standing position while holding onto furniture (cruising)
• Bends knees and sits down after standing

Communication and language development

• May point to a body part when prompted
• May point to a favourite toy when prompted
• Enjoys making spit bubbles

Social and emotional interaction

• Is more aware of noises in the immediate environment and might get a scare from an unexpected, unfamiliar sound
• Enjoys laughing at funny faces and noises

Cognitive development

• Starts imitating with objects in relation to their specific function, for example, holding a phone to the ear
• Can recognise faces and objects from across the room
• Loves to play peek-a-boo
• Will look for and try to find an object that is dropped to the floor

Self-help and imitation skills

• Imitates clapping hands or claps hands on request
• May try to hold own bottle
• May use teeth to bite off pieces of food

9-10 Months

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Fine motor skills

• Enjoys packing objects in and out of containers
• Enjoys playing pass; handing toys back and forth
• May start stacking rings, but not in order
• May start rolling a ball back and forth
• Picks up tiny objects using a pincer grip or lateral prehension grip (thumb and side of index finger)
• Reaches for a toy above the head

Gross motor skills

• Will make an effort to get to a toy that is out of reach
• Is crawling confidently
• Pulls up from a sitting to a standing position
• Stands while holding onto furniture
• Is mobile – creeping, crawling or cruising
• Moves from tummy to a sitting position independently
• Opens and closes doors and cupboards

Communication and language development

• Enjoys rhymes and songs with big gestures – may start to imitate a gesture while singing or rhyming
• Will babble in conversation style
• Starts to understand the word, “NO”
• Makes the following sounds repetitively, “ta-ta”, “ba-ba”, “pa-pa”, “da-da”, “ma-ma”

Social and emotional interaction

• Separation anxiety is at its peak
• Is able to communicate wants and needs through gestures, crying, pointing, etc.
• Personality will start to show
• Starts to wave goodbye
• Holds arms out to be picked up
• May start biting due to teething or out of frustration

Cognitive development

• Knows the location of toys in room
• Imitates behaviour of parents
• Objects when toys are taken away
• Will search for an object that is dropped to the floor

Self-help and imitation skills

• Feeds self finger food
• Pulls off own socks
• Starts drinking from a cup
• Claps hands while singing

These Developmental Milestones, ranging from birth to 36 months, are a combination of my own experience and knowledge as well as guidelines from THE BABY CENTER.