0-3 Months Developmental Milestones - MommaMia

Newborn

Follow these milestones to see how your baby aligns with these stages of development.

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Week 0-1

• Can see objects about 20-30 centimetres away from the face
• Loves to look at faces although vision is still blurry
• May move head from side to side while looking at mom
• May use the palmar or grasp reflex to momentarily hold onto an object (1-2 seconds) when placed in the palm of the hand
• Can lie on tummy for about 1 minute and might lift head momentarily

Week 1-2

• According to BabyCenter, your baby will move in and out of several different states of sleepiness, quiet alertness and active alertness
• You communicate with your baby through your voice and touch while she communicates her needs through crying, making sounds and momentarily making eye contact
• Let your baby experience a variety of movements in different positions to stimulate the vestibular system
• May copy you when you stick out your tongue

Week 2-3

• Can lie on tummy for 1-3 minutes – tummy time strengthens the muscles necessary for future skills such as pushing up on arms, rolling over, sitting and crawling
• May lift head and move it from side to side
• Is interested in hanging mobiles and may wave arms in its direction

Week 3-4

• Holds onto your finger when placed in hand
• Uses sounds such as cooing, grunting or gurgling to interact
• Kicks legs during nappy change
• Talking to your baby will develop future language and communication skills

1-2 Months

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Week 4-5

• Lifts head and turns it from side to side while lying on tummy
• Can lift and support head for a few moments
• May track a slow-moving object or toy
• Pump legs while changing nappy

Week 5-6

• Interacts with sounds from the environment using coos, lip smacks as well as arm and leg movements
• Will turn head towards direction of familiar sounds, especially familiar voices
• Starts paying attention to faces
• Can hold onto an object when placed in the palm of the hand – will drop object but not by opening the hand voluntarily

Week 6-7

• Swipes at objects
• Starts smiling
• May reach and swipe towards an object
• May reach out to an object placed in front of her while positioned on tummy
• May notice own hand movements and bring hands together in the midline to observe
• Lifts head while sitting supported on mom’s lap

Week 7-8

• Attempts to imitate a sound made by the parent
• May imitate a cough
• May roll from back onto side
• Is attracted to high contrasting colours like black and white

2-3 Months

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Fine motor skills

• Observes own hand movements and brings hands together in the midline to put in mouth
• May reach out and grab hold of a rattle/rubber teething ring/squeaky toy presented in the midline

Gross motor skills

• Keeps head upright in supported sitting
• Shows limited head lag when pulled from a lying to a sitting position
• May roll from side onto back and from back onto side
• Starts to push off with legs and push up on arms when positioned on tummy

Communication and language development

• Will watch your mouth as you communicate
• Demonstrates unique cries for different needs
• Loves to watch parents make funny faces (facial expressions) and silly noises for entertainment

Social and emotional interaction

• Holds out hands and arms to be picked up

Cognitive Development

• Knows the difference between familiar voices and sounds
• Is able to locate a sound and will turn head towards it
• Shows interest in multi-coloured objects and a variety of shapes

Self-help and imitation skills

• May imitate “raspberry” sounds or blow spit bubbles
• Invest in a good bedtime routine:
o Bath
o Massage
o Bottle/Feed
o Reading/Singing a song
o Bed

3-4 Months

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Fine motor skills

• Brings hands together in midline to put in mouth
• Is able to open and close fingers
• Is able to hold onto an object or toy like a rattle or rubber teething ring
• May swat or grab hold of an object or toy
• Clutches and pulls on clothing

Gross motor skills

• Waves arms and pumps legs
• Is able to lift head 45-90 degrees while lying on tummy
• Rocks back and forth in supported sitting
• Holds head steady when body is in an upright position
• Rolls from side onto back and from back onto side

Communication and language development

• Uses gurgling sounds to communicate
• May react to parent with squeals of delight
• Enjoys being carried around in familiar surroundings while parent is pointing at and naming objects
• Enjoys looking at pictures of familiar objects like a bottle, teddy or mobile

Social and emotional interaction

• Might show some separation anxiety and be uneasy with strangers
• Starts to smile and even laugh out loud
• May search for parent in room and make eye contact, then react excitedly when finding parent by smiling and moving arms
• Enjoys looking at/observing other babies

Cognitive Development

• Enjoys looking at pictures of faces or looking in the mirror
• May start playing peek-a-boo – pulls cloth from face when asked: “Where are you?”

Self-help and imitation skills

• May move or change facial expression during lighter sleep cycles
• Settling into a sleeping, feeding and awake-time routine means sleep will change to longer intervals

These Developmental Milestones, ranging from birth to 36 months, are a combination of my own experience and knowledge as well as guidelines from THE BABY CENTER.