Newborn

Follow these milestones to see how your baby aligns with these stages of development.

Week 0-1

  • Can see objects about 20-30 centimetres away from the face
  • Loves to look at faces although vision is still blurry
  • May move head from side to side while looking at mom
  • May copy you when you stick out your tongue
  • Can lie on tummy for about 1 minute and might lift head momentarily

Week 1-2

  • According to BabyCenter, your baby will move in and out of several different states of sleepiness, quiet alertness and active alertness
  • You communicate with your baby through your voice and touch while she communicates her needs through crying, making sounds and momentarily making eye contact
  • Let your baby experience a variety of movements in different positions to stimulate the vestibular system

Week 2-3

  • Can lie on tummy for 1-3 minutes – tummy time strengthens the muscles necessary for future skills such as pushing up on arms, rolling over, sitting and crawling
  • May lift head and move it from side to side
  • May use the palmar or grasp reflex to momentarily hold onto an object (1-2 seconds) when placed in the palm of the hand

Week 3-4

  • Is interested in hanging mobiles
  • Holds onto your finger when placed in hand
  • Uses sounds such as cooing, grunting or gurgling to interact
  • Kicks legs during nappy change
  • Talking to your baby will develop future language and communication skills
READ NEWBORN MONTH BLOG POST

1-2 Months

Week 4-5

  • Swipes at objects
  • Starts smiling
  • Lifts head and turns it from side to side while lying on tummy
  • Can lift and support head for a few moments
  • May track a slow-moving object or toy

Week 5-6

  • Interacts with sounds from the environment using coos, lip smacks as well as arm and leg movements
  • Will turn head towards direction of familiar sounds, especially familiar voices
  • Starts paying attention to faces
  • Can hold onto an object when placed in the palm of the hand – will drop object but not by opening the hand voluntarily

Week 6-7

  • May reach and swipe towards an object
  • May reach out to an object placed in front of her while positioned on tummy
  • May notice own hand movements and bring hands together in the midline to observe
  • Lifts head while sitting supported on mom’s lap

Week 7-8

  • Attempts to imitate a sound made by the parent
  • May imitate a cough
  • May roll from back onto side
  • Is attracted to high contrasting colours like black and white
READ 1-2 MONTH BLOG POST

2-3 Months

Fine motor skills

  • Observes own hand movements and brings hands together in the midline to put in mouth
  • May reach out and grab hold of a rattle/rubber ring/squeaky toy presented in the midline

Gross motor skills

  • Keeps head upright in supported sitting
  • Shows limited head lag when pulled from a lying to a sitting position
  • May roll from side unto back and from back to side
  • Starts to push off with legs and push up on arms when positioned on tummy

Communication and language development

  • Will watch your mouth as you communicate
  • Demonstrates unique cries for different needs
  • Loves to watch parents make funny faces and silly noises for entertainment

Social and emotional interaction

  • Holds out hands and arms to be picked up

Cognitive development

  • Knows the difference between familiar voices and sounds
  • Is able to locate a sound and will turn head towards it
  • Shows interest in multi-coloured objects and a variety of shapes

Self-help and imitation skills

  • May imitate “raspberry” sounds
  • Invest in a good bedtime routine:
    • Bath
    • Massage
    • Reading/Singing a song
    • Bottle/Feed
    • Bed
READ 2-3 MONTH BLOG POST

3-4 Months

Fine motor skills

  • Brings hands together in midline to put in mouth
  • Is able to open and close fingers
  • Is able to hold onto a toy like a rattle or rubber ring
  • May swat or grab hold of a toy
  • Clutches and pulls on clothing

Gross motor skills

  • Waves arms and pumps legs
  • Is able to lift head 45-90 degrees while lying on tummy
  • Rocks back and forth in supported sitting
  • Holds head steady when body is in an upright position
  • Rolls from side unto back and from back to side

Communication and language development

  • Uses gurgling sounds to communicate
  • May react to parent with squeals of delight
  • Enjoys activities where she is carried around in her familiar surroundings, while the parent is pointing at and naming objects
  • Enjoys looking at pictures of familiar objects like a bottle, teddy or mobile

Social and emotional interaction

  • Might show some separation anxiety and be uneasy with strangers
  • Starts to smile and even laugh out loud
  • May search for parent in room and make eye contact, then react positively when finding parent by smiling and moving arms
  • Enjoys looking at/observing other babies

Cognitive development

  • Enjoys looking at pictures of faces or watching herself in the mirror
  • May start playing peek-a-boo – pulls cloth from face when asked: “Where are you?”

Self-help and imitation skills

  • During lighter sleep cycles your baby may move or change their facial expression.
  • As your baby grows her sleep will change to longer intervals as she settles into her sleeping, eating, and awake time routines.
READ 3-4 MONTH BLOG POST

These developmental milestones are based on my own experiences with Mia, but it can differ from child to child. I found that the developmental guidelines and articles given by BabyCenter is a very helpful tool to assist in answering questions and concerns regarding your child’s development. I have added some of their guidelines here.